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The World Conflict resolution Day is celebrated every year on the third Thursday of October, this year it is today, the 17th.

The date was created in 2005 by the Association For Conflict Resolution. The goal is to raise citizens' awareness for resorting to mediation, conciliation and arbitration in order to resolve their conflicts, underlining the advantages of peaceful resolution.

Mediation and conciliation are amicable ways of resolving disputes, where the aim is to obtain an agreement between the parties with the intervention of a third person, a professional qualified to carry out the role of mediator or conciliator.

Arbitration is an alternative way of resolving disputes through which a neutral and impartial third party - the arbitrator - appointed by the parties or by the Centre, decides the dispute in the same terms as a judge of a State Court would.

Arbitration can be voluntary or compulsory.

Voluntary arbitration is based on a settlement between the parties (arbitration agreement), through which they provide to one or more persons the power to decide the dispute.

The arbitration agreement can be: an arbitration clause or a submission agreement. The arbitration clause concerns possible disputes, which may arise in respect of a defined legal relationship, contractual or not, and the submission agreement concerns an existing dispute.

Compulsory arbitration results from a legal provision forcing the dispute resolution of certain disputes through an arbitration court, thus preventing their resolution by State courts.


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